Category Archives: Mofussil Musings

The Bogey of Public Inconvenience to Snatch the Right To Protest

Democracies across the world are defined by the virtue of the right to protest. Yet, in India,
that fancies itself as the largest democracy of the world, the governments are seen to be
chipping off that very right by raising the bogey of public inconvenience. They have
mobilised people, mostly their party members, to even physically attack such protests
including in one case by a gun wielding man firing at peaceful and unarmed protestors.

They started doing that with Shaheen Bagh protests against the controversial Citizenship
Amendment Act and the National Registry of Citizenship- both seen as an attempt to
disenfranchise the minorities by many. The government ably assisted by most of the news
channels, which have a habit of supporting everything that the government says- and at times
fitting imaginary nano-chips in the new currency notes- vilified the protestors and cracked
down on them.

Though, the Supreme Court of India, often the last recourse of the citizenry to safeguard
constitutional rights has not followed its Shaheen Bagh misadventure with farmers yet, it
seemed to collude with the attempts through both- acts of omission and commission. In doing
so, it reversed its own orders by bigger benches to break Shaheen Bagh protests. Further, the
committee it formed to break the deadlock between the government of India and the farmers
demanding total repeal of the new farm laws they think would lead to corporate loot of their
lands with every single member supporting the new laws made its stand amply clear.

That said, India’s winters of discontent for two years in a row now hint at a deepening malaise
of attacks on the right to protest. This year it is about farmers who are picketing New Delhi,
the national capital for over 2 months now at many of its borders. The government of India,
and many of the states as well, have gone all out to quell the protests including with high
handed measures that could have led to calamities. Bhartiya Janata Party that is ruling
Haryana started the crackdown with ill thought attack including with water canons and tear
gas on farmers coming to Delhi from Punjab on a narrow bridge at the Shambhu Border. It is
merely by chance that it did not lead to a stampede that could have killed many.

Yet, far more sinister than the physical attacks are the attempts to snatch the very right to
protest. Despite many noticing that, the channels behaving like Radio Rwanda did succeed in
hiding one of the worst assaults on right to protest duding Shaheen Bagh when a bench of
Supreme Court of India reversed an order of a bigger bench in In Himat Lal K Shah vs
Commissioner of Police, 1973 AIR 87. The court had then observed that even though citizens
cannot form unions and associations “in whatever place they please, nevertheless the State
cannot by law abridge or take away the right of assembly by prohibiting assembly on every
public street or public place.”

In a rather strange reading of the judgement, a 3-judge bench headed by Justice Sanjay Kishan
Kaul said “We have to make it unequivocally clear that public ways and public spaces cannot
be occupied in such a manner and that too indefinitely. Democracy and dissent go hand in
hand, but then the demonstrations expressing dissent have to be in designated places alone.”

To begin with, a three-judge bench reversing a 5-judge bench’s order is not legally right.
Then reading it in exact opposite words and undoing the right to protest it granted to the
citizens was plain unthinkable! The judgement said that the “state cannot by law abridge or
take away the right of assembly by prohibiting assembly on every public street or public
place”and not what the three judge bench read it as!

The judgement also undermined another judgement of the same court in the case S.
Rangarajan v. Jagjivan Ram (1989) 2 SCC 574. The Supreme Court had then noted that, “the
problem of defining the area of freedom of expression when it appears to conflict with the
various social interests enumerated under Article 19(2) may briefly be touched upon here.
There does indeed have to be a compromise between the interest of freedom of expression and
special interests. But we cannot simply balance the two interests as if they are of equal

“Our commitment of freedom of expression demands that it cannot be suppressed unless the
situations created by allowing the freedom are pressing and the community interest is
endangered. The anticipated danger should not be remote, conjectural or far-fetched. It
should have proximate and direct nexus with the expression. The expression of thought should
be intrinsically dangerous to the public interest. In other words, the expression should be
inseparably locked up with the action contemplated like the equivalent of a “spark in a
powder keg”.

In that judgement too the Court had clearly noted that unless the protests endanger the
community interest in proximate and direct terms, they cannot be broken up. The right to
protest is also enshrined in the international law and United Nation as covenants which India
is a party to. More recently, Joint report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of
peaceful assembly and of association and the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or
arbitrary executions on the proper management of assemblies underscored this right in 2016
noting that

“To this end, blanket bans, including bans on the exercise of the right entirely or on any
exercise of the right in specific places or at particular times, are intrinsically disproportionate,
because they preclude consideration of the specific circumstances of each proposed

Much bigger than all this, though, is the fact that protestors are part of the public too. They
are equal citizens of India with all their constitutional rights, including the right to protest.
Mobilizing members of political outfits to attack them, vilifying them as anti-nationals is an
ominous sign in a democracy.

Tikaits can correct Course with Farmers Unity Vaccine aginast BJP virus

Mahendra Tikait once ruled over Western UP and in fact all of North Indian Agrarian Politics! Head of strong Baliyan Khap- one of the strongest and largest communities within closely knit Jats, he also had the base for that!

Rakesh Tikait breaks into tears after UP govt's order to vacate Ghazipur  Border

I still remember his Boat Club rally that brought Rajiv Gandhi government to its knees (Boat Club was made a restricted zone only after that rally).


I remember how even my Congressi father who loved Gandhi family till the end had immense respect for him! “Akhir me ham bhi kisan hi hain na beta” he would say when I would read “Maya ” the famous political magazine of the times and ask about Tikait!


He ruled over farmers politics because he was dead honest- and secular to core. For him politics was for the farmers, by the farmers on agrarian issues.


He would defend the minorities’ rights with gusto. In a very famous case he led a struggle against a Muslim girl’s abduction until she was found. His Mahapanchayats would invite Muslims farmers as well with good numbers. He never let anyone turn the villages in the area into a communal warzone despite repeated riots in some of the cities- Meerut in particular. He would lead peace marches without fear- would ask Jats and almost order Baliyan Khap to protect minorities in their villages.


I also remember his several rallies in Lucknow in early 1990s- forcing the governments to accede to his demands every single time.


Then the political landscape of India started changing. One mistake of Rajiv Gandhi- the Shah Bano verdict followed by another Ram Mandir Shilanyas changed it all- and forever, par ahora!


Though his influence had started weaning by the end of 90s  thanks to both- Kamandal and Mandal with Hindutva politics weakening farmers unity and demands of reservation for Jats adding to the growing divide- he stayed powerful and secular till the end in 2011!


That gave an even bigger space to BJP to expand in the Jat Belt as it is called!


Tikait brothers could have stopped it- perhaps- had they stayed true to their fathers’ vision. Unfortunately, their silence, almost I mean, on increasing communalization of the area began the end! Suddenly- Muslims who used to be an equal part of their support base started ditching them, and rightly so. Rakesh Tikait’s participation in the infamous 2013 MahaPanchayat that led to Muzaffarnagar riots killing Muslims and Hindus both, almost finished them as leaders of all Jats! Muslims, too, had no reason to stay with them anymore.


This also led to decreasing influence of Jat Politics in the region- and BJP did make a show of it by making a non-Jat chief minister of Haryana after it swept the state. This followed by the electoral loss of Ajit Singh and rout of the Rashtriya Lok Dal and things had come a full circle.


Tikait Brothers did have a go at revival during Jat Quota Stir in February 2016 when BJP betrayed Jats on its poll promise of reservation for them- and brutally cracked upon the movement against that- killing 30 Jats in police firing! Yet, they failed to galvanize on that and bring the Jats and agrarian issues to the centre of the politics. There were rather whispers against them of colluding with BJP later and tacitly supporting them in 2019 elections!


Emboldened by recapturing Haryana even if by a brink despite non Jat CM and Feb 2016 repression, perhaps, BJP took them as done and dusted with. It’s sweep of Jat Lands in 2019 Lok Sabha polls made it delude into having finished Jat politics altogether!


It had forgotten, though, that Tikait brothers still had a lot of support and goodwill. Being head of Baliyan Khap had kept at least those numbers intact. All they needed was an entry point again. BJP gave them that with ill though Farm Bills intended to rob farmers to pay their masters.


Stunned with massive resistance it had never thought of, it miscalculated again and attacked them even more! Terming farmers, mostly Jats and Sikhs anti national, calling them terrorists was way too much to chew.


Then came the threats of brutal repression- and the defiant tears!


Rakesh Tikait roared through his tears: We will not court arrest. They may kill us. They may shoot us. I won’t leave. Those who want to leave can leave.


This was the first time in my memory of Indian Politics when protests have been reduced to “Court Arrest Drama” followed by victory calls, a few hours in some Police Stations and back home!


The tables were turned. Almost 10,000 troops in riot gear sent to evacuate Ghazipur protest site got swept off by those tears! Farmers across UP and Haryana were stirred by the tears too: they started for Delhi in the night itself! 30,000 of them have already reached!


BJP governments- both at centre and in UP along with Godi Media flexing muscles till then were suddenly stunned, not knowing what to do of this! They did what cowards do- they ran away!


UP government came true on its promise of evacuating Ghazipur Protest Site. Just that in reverse: It evacuated the site of its troops! Farmers are still pitched there! 


This is a historic moment for the Tikait Brothers- of correcting their mistakes and bringing agrarian issues back to the mainstream  politics. They can do this only by going their father’s way- uniting farmers using the Agri issues as vaccine against BJP virus by uniting all farmers, specially Muslims!

Would they be able to do it? Only time will tell!


Fuzhou: A fortunate surprise

Fuzhou was not really in my bucket list. To be honest, I hardly knew about this city, like most of the travellers and even more of the tourists. This, despite it being the capital of Fujian province and one of the biggest cities in South China- my neighbourhood for last 8 years now.

This is one of the entrance of Sanfang Qixiang- roughly translated as the "three lanes and seven alleys" aka  Beverly Hills of Imperial China! Founded in 708 AD, the 40 hectare complex has been home of over 400 of China's richest and most powerful!
Sanfang Qixiang- roughly translated as the “three lanes and seven alleys” aka  Beverly Hills of Imperial China

But one fine day I found myself in Fuzhou. I had just spent a few days in Yongding county famous for its community houses called Tulous whom the USA mistook for nuclear reactors at the height of Cold War. (You can read about my travels to Tulous here). Next in line was Xiapu, beautiful beyond words for its scenic mudflats and life on the sea- with entire villages on sea! (My Xiapu Mudflats memories are here). And the road connecting them passed through Fuzhou making me wonder why not give the city a chance as well! 

And lo and behold: It turned out to be one of the best of the decisions I had made in ages! Here I was in a city with a history of over 2200 years with the first settlements recorded here in 2nd century BCE! 

Some of the restored houses in Sanfang Qixiang decorated with lanterns
Buildings decorated with lanterns in Sanfang Qixiang

And then there is over 1400 years old Sanfang Qixiang- roughly translated as the “three lanes and seven alleys” aka  Beverly Hills of Imperial China! This one complex, slightly over 40 hectares in total area, founded in Tang Dynasty (618-907) and inhabited ever since is what over 400 of Imperial China’s the richest and most powerful men called home. Sadly, men alone as I found no mention of women despite repeated ‘family houses’. 

Inside Lin Zexu Memorial Hall: Remembering the man who destroyed Opium Trade and thus caused the First Opium War
Inside Lin Zexu Memorial Hall: Remembering the man who destroyed Opium Trade and thus caused the First Opium War

Talk about the man who sparked the First Opium War, Lin Zexu, a Qing official, Yan Fu, a Chinese scholar who translated Darwin’s theory of natural selection in Mandarin or Bing Xin who translated our own Gurudev, Ravindranath Tagore: they all called this complex home! 

Lin Zexu: The man who started the opium wars!

Ironically, many of these historic houses had been abandoned and become subdivided squatter homes before their restoration in late 2000s, a telling comment on the power of time. 

I had entered the complex doubting the famous saying that “One Sanfang Qixiang equals half of China’s modern history,” kept returning to it fully convinced. Exploring the lanes and alleys throughout the day and then a couple of drinks in one of the bars dotting An Tai Canal, marking the boundary of the Sanfang Qixiang. 

Then there is a majestic manmade lake West Lake- excavated in 282 A.D. by Yan Gao (Yán Gāo 严高), an official of Jing Dynasty. Yeah, in 282 A.D.! Go to the lake in the morning and it would be a riot of colours both on the water turned golden by the morning rays and people: People practicing Tai Chi, aunties learning ballet in groups, the elderly reading, couples on morning walks! Name it! They are there! And true to Chinese quirks when it comes to traveling- they have built a Dinosaur Park at one corner of the lake! Believe it or not, I could not hold myself back from getting clicked with one of them! 

majestic manmade lake West Lake- excavated in 282 A.D. by Yan Gao (Yán Gāo 严高), an official of Jing Dynasty. Yeah, in 282 A.D.! Go to the lake in the morning and it would be a riot of colours both on the water turned golden by the morning rays and people: People practicing Tai Chi, aunties learning ballet in groups, the elderly reading, couples on morning walks! Name it! They are there!
West Lake

Fuzhou has so much more to offer, sadly the small boy from Babhnan was short on time. So he passed by the majestic mosque so many times, yeah Islam is not banned in China despite whatever morons claim! In fact one of the most happening places I have ever been to in China is the Muslim Quarters of Xi’an with a huge, centuries old mosque that looked more a pagoda than a mosque!! 

Fuzhou Mosque: :Legend has it that Prophet sent emissaries to Fuzhou in 628 A.D.
Fuzhou Mosque: :Legend has it that Prophet sent emissaries to Fuzhou in 628 A.D.

There is Drum Mountain in Gu Shan revered for its Buddhist Temple at the top, about half an hour away from the City Centre. In the very centre of the city are 3 mountains and a lake- which actually is a river Min! 

A rather cheerful Chinese restaurant owner served me Onion Bhaji and Butter Naan and then sang a beautiful Bollywood song! Aah you gem of a woman, I miss you!
Butter Naan , “D”nion” Bhaji and live music : What else could one ask for?

Do try to steal a visit to China Shoushan Stone Museum for having a rare look at Shoushan stones and understand its history- how they are mined, carved and so on. These stones, also called agalmatolite are rare treasures and one carved stone may fetch millions of dollars in today’s market.

Of course the small boy from Babhnan could not squeeze the last two in his sojourn in Fuzhou. Mudflats in Xiapu were calling him. As it is, one life is never enough to see it all, but Fuzhou is close enough for a second visit! 

See you again, Fuzhou, and you too, mates, perhaps in Fuzhou!


Babhnan Boy: Milestone Zero

Aboard a ro-ro ferry on the mighty Mekong river, the young man thought of Manvar, a small rivulet 4,800 kms away, seeing a small boy swimming in it decades ago. Stupid, no? 

Circa 2010: The small boy from Babhnan aboard a ro-ro ferry in Phnom Penh

No. Be they in Bombay or Beijing, small town kids never go anywhere alone. Wherever they go, they go with their homes lost behind in their villages, Kasbahs or small towns. You can see that in their eyes- that sudden wetness that gives them away with all their longings and belongings. They might be proud of their journeys or disappointed with themselves, they would suddenly look away, seeking refuge in the same lost villages they grew up in. No matter what exiled them- be it hunger, war or career, their lost homes are the cross they carry alone. 

Be it distress migration for the poor ones or chasing dreams for the more fortunate, the small town kids are destined for exile. Just like that young man aboard that Ro Ro Ferry in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 

The school in Babhnan in which I studied till 8th grade now

They know that despite all the speeches by the great leaders promising them the moon, they don’t get even proper roads that can connect Delhi with their villages. They know that they are the past of the country, running behind the metros by decades. They know that bridges don’t connect the past with the future, they only make fortunes for those promising these bridges! 

They know that they would have to go, leaving all the memories behind and chase their dreams in places that could be anything, but would never become home. 

The small boy from Babhnan knew this. He knew that every passing year is another year close to exile, that began at 12, just 12 when he was sent to a boarding school in nearby Gorakhpur. Home was no longer home, it was just a holiday. Holi, Diwali, Dussehra, Summer Vacations. His own agricultural fields were no longer his playfields where he would steal tractor rides. The “Middle School” Cricket ground in Babhnan that seemed like the biggest possible in the world had suddenly changed to a joke, a tiny joke on that, on the name of a cricket ground. 

Another school nearby last year

Slowly, the small town kids’ school bags would start getting heavier and their ‘holiday visits’ fewer. Gorakhpur for secondaries would change to Allahabad for grads, Allahabad to JNU for Research, Delhi to Hong Kong for work. With every dislocation changing friends, acquaintances, neighbors, everything. 

Ironically, exile was never the saddest part of the story. It was the small boy from Babhnan not knowing that this a one way road- a point of no real returns. That those who fail and return would looked upon for their lives. That those who ‘succeed’ would have hardly any time for returning- for taking that stroll on the railway station that once defined their lives: that set them on the path of chasing their dreams as far as those trains could go. The same one from which this small boy from Babhnan started dreaming of traveling the world and telling the tales.

His friends listened to him with rapt attention about the places they had never travelled to. The places this small boy hadn’t either, the places whose details he pieced together with the: names of the trains and where they go with information he got from his parents, their colleagues, newspapers, name it.

So success or failure, these kids would be sort of jinxed, of not returning. Mahesh would better become Mat and work as a cyber collie, Lalita as Linda, is she was fortunate enough in a patriarchal society to be allowed to chase her dreams, they would dread to return.

And when they would for the occasional visits- nothing would be the same. The most promising kid in their class would have become a grocer they would have nothing much to talk about. The best batsman in their team would be selling medicines. And they both would be uncomfortable with the small boy from Babhnan’s success, the small boy with loss. Of the home. Forever. 

Only mercy? He would be taking Babhnan to places, making that nondescript mofussil town, a mere blur on the map of the country known around, even if in his own smaller circles.

At the Babhnan Railway Station, this January


Is Arvind Kejriwal an RSS/BJP Agent?

Qus: Is Kejriwal a RSS plant?


Arvind Kejriwal hugs wife.

Ans: Rubbish! He is one of the very few leaders who have gave RSS a real scare off late.Qus: But AAP contesting elections helps BJP?
Ans: Did it in Punjab? Or in Goa? Manipur and Meghalaya it did not even contest

Q: But AAP’s mere presence helps BJP.
A: By this logic JP, George Fernandes, Sharad Yadav, Mulayam Singh Yadav are biggest RSS men- JP & George helped RSS become mainstream for the 1st time in India in 1977, Sharad and gang ‘Normalised’ it by allying with it since 1996 as Samta Party leaders. And Mulayam Singh Yadav: remember his betrayal of the entire liberal secular spectrum in 1998? His passive support to BJP led to Congress falling short of majority and Vajpayee became PM again. And of course his alliances: He allied with Kalyan Singh- the BJP CM who ensured demolition of Babri Mosque and also Sakshi Maharaj. Remember now BJP hate monger Sakshi was once a SP Rajya MP too.

Q: Why does Kejriwal sound so right wing sometimes then?
A: Because Right Wing is the common sense of the country that teaches its children to believe in caste and gender hierarchies, in Bharat Mata’s imagery, in Army is an unquestionable holy cow and what not. And who started it all? Congress!

What do you expect from someone, anyone, who grew up seeing military parades on 15 August and 26 January as national pride?

He is definitely a Centre Right politician- like 2/3rd of even Congress, and 90% of all other smaller parties that claim to be secular. And he has learnt from them and the times. Remember his Anti-Reservation days? When he used to address Youth for Equality rallies? He is definitely moving, if he hasn’t already, in the right direction from his earlier- commonsensical, economic right leaning politics with ample dose of patriotic imagery- Bharat Mata and Tiranga.

Q: Why did he offer to support BJP if it grants full statehood to Delhi?
A: I am not some magician to know why he did it. But it indeed was a super maverick move. He knows that BJP will never give full state status to Delhi. Thus the statement will keep him and AAP in news for a while. And what if BJP indeed gives? Then he would have full power to run Delhi and that will ensure hell’s wrath for the RSS clan- imagine AAP govt with a power to arrest whoever like BJP did with its MLAs.

Aad then, Congress has been calling him BJP agent, BJP’s B Team and what not since times immemorial- how does it change anything for him. Further: his support base is urban middle classes, especially middle and lower and urban poor to an extent. Service Delivery matters more to them than ideological nuances on any given day.

Q: And when Sharad Yadav(s), Nitish Kumar(s) and Ram Vilas Paswan(s) joining BJP ministries did not make them RSS men, how does Kejriwal’s mere statement makes him?

P.S You cannot fight those no morals, BJP in this case which can ally with even PDP nonchalantly by sticking to some archaic Dharm Yuddha rules from mythical Mahabharata. When enemy operates with Take No Prisoners- unleash CBI, ED, all we have on them- force them to join us like Mukul Roy(s) and Narayan Rane(s) or send them to jail like Lalu Prasad Yadav, being Arvind Kejriwal matters. Remember he famously called Narendra Modi ‘a coward and a psychopath’? And he has still not spent some quality time in some smart jail of the regime?

Congress, and the rest, will better come out of this knee jerk reaction and engage with him and AAP. Or they have Delhi experience to remember.